New York City's Latest Open Data Release
BY Miranda Neubauer | Monday, September 23 2013
Property record, building permit and building footprint data for New York City are now publicly accessible to developers and the wider public as part of New York City's efforts to implement the 2012 Open Data law, several city officials announced Monday.
The city also published the Open Data compliance plan, a requirement of the law, outlining a timeline for the release of over 400 city data sets covered by the law up until December 2018.
An earlier deadline in March had required the city to make already public data available in an accessible, machine-readable format. According to the city, the Open Data portal has released over 1,000 datasets from more than 60 agencies since its launch in 2011.
Monday, the city announced that it was making available data from the Department of Finance's Automated City Register Information System (ACRIS) which allows users to search property records for Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx and Brooklyn from 1966 to the present. Also available is a superset of data that includes all permits issued by the Departments of Buildings and Health and Mental Hygiene.
The Department of Information Technology & Telecommunications (DoITT) has also partnered with Mapbox and the OpenStreetMap Community to incorporate New York City building footprints and address points into Open Street Map. DoITT will also be receiving daily OpenStreetMap updates, allowing the city to regularly improve its own data.
The Environmental Control Board has made data related to violations from 13 of the city's ticket-issuing agencies more broadly available to the public.
The Open Data compliance plan lists all data sets controlled by city agencies that the agencies have identified as falling under the Open Data law to make available to the public in an accessible, machine-readable format. Although the final deadline is December 2018, Rahul Merchant, Chief Information and Innovation Officer, and Mike Flowers, Chief Analytics and Open Platform officer, emphasized that the plan would be evolving continuously. Flowers said a key part of the process was the first-time conduction of a "data census" to get an agency-by-agency overview of available data. He said the city would be "extremely aggressive" over the remaining 100 days of the Bloomberg administration to release data, in some cases before the scheduled date. The law requires the city to publish annual updates to the plan beginning in July 2014.
The agencies covered under the plan include, among many, the Department of Education (DOE), the NYC School Construction Authority (SCA), the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), the New York Police Department, the Department of Homeless Services (DHS), the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME), and the Mayor's Office.
By 2018, the DOE plans to release, among other datasets, daily-updated data on the status of bus routes, bus delays and daily school-wide attendance. The SCA plans to release by 2018 monthly updates on DOE building usage, as well as quarterly updates on the Classroom Connectivity program, telephone and intercom systems in schools and the Internet Protocol Surveillance System in schools. By 2014, the DEP plans to release monthly data on wastewater treatment plant performance, weekly data on water quality and monthly data on reservoir storage levels. By 2014, DHS plans to release daily data on the number of families and individuals residing in the shelter system and the number applying to the shelter system.
The NYPD plans to release annual data showing precinct-based comparisons of stop and suspect descriptions by 2014, an annual breakdown of Stop, Question and Frisk reports citywide, by borough and by precinct, by 2014, an annual report on firearm discharges by 2014, an annual breakdown of enforcement by crime and other indicators by 2016, and weekly city-wide crime statistics by borough and by precinct by 2017.
By October 2013, the OCME plans to release monthly data on the number of autopsies performed, the number of toxicology reports received and completed in sexual assault cases, and the number of DNA homicide and sexual assault cases completed. By 2014, the Mayor's Office plans to release annual data on procurements by industry, size and method, among other data.
DoITT plans to release quarterly data on its high-capacity/telecommunications services franchise agreements by 2014 and complaints made to its cable franchising center by 2017.
Not all government entities in the city are covered by the Open Data law. The New York City Housing Authority, for example, is a state-chartered public benefit corporation that is not considered a city agency under the law. Recently, Public Advocate and Democratic mayoral candidate Bill De Blasio needed to file FOIL requests to obtain data on public housing repair requests. However, Flowers said he expected more NYCHA data to be available in the future and emphasized that in general agencies have been very receptive to releasing more data. He pointed to the recent release of the PLUTO land use and geographic data at the tax lot level as an example of released data going "above and beyond what the law requires."
The NYC Developer Platform is also making available new tools for developers and data scientists, by offering APIs that allow third-party applications to integrate real-time city data. One such tool is the Geoservice API, a cloud-based geocoding service based on the Department of City Planning's Geosupport system. That system assigns coordinates, Building Identification Number and other location-based information to any entered address, intersection or place across the city. The city's Campaign Finance Board is currently using that API to offer poll site and election ballot information based on entered addresses on its mobile NYCVotes.org platform.
In addition, the city has updated the Open Data portal homepage to make it more user-friendly and to go beyond being a catalog of datasets to highlight data usage examples by businesses, students and the public.
City officials made Monday's announcements at the NYU-Poly Varick Street Incubator, which the school launched together with the city in July 2009. In their remarks, officials emphasized how the city's data releases benefit the technology community, businesses and community leaders, and encouraged public feedback to improve available data.
Micah Kotch, Director of Innovation and Entrepreneurship at NYU-Poly, emphasized that the benefits of Open Data are "not just some abstract thing." He said that teams of entrepreneurs are using the data to help develop innovative tools to solve problems for New Yorkers and people around the world, and building companies in New York. Praising the city and Mayor Bloomberg's vision and priorities, he said that the "legacy of open data...will provide the fuel, the hard currency of the innovation economy for years and years to come."
Both Merchant and Flowers not only praised Bloomberg's leadership on the issue, but also emphasized the significant role of transparency advocates. "If you folks didn't push, we wouldn't be standing here," Merchant said. "Speak up if something is missing." Evoking a Bloomberg motto that "we can do better by using data," Flowers said that "complaining is a public service." Users can suggest and nominate datasets for release through the website.
City Council Member Gale Brewer, who spearheaded the Open Data law and recently won the race for Manhattan Borough President, praised the work of the New York City Transparency Working Group, a coalition of good government organizations and technology groups that she helped bring together. She said she hoped that local Community Boards and neighborhood associations would be able to benefit from accessing the data through tools that Code for America and others create, making it "part of the discussion on the local level so we can plan," she said. Already just the list of all the agencies and datasets "is so exciting ... half of the people didn't know these datasets existed."
"Entrepreneurs, planners, scholars and advocates have waited decades for databases like PLUTO and ACRIS to be freely available to the public – and this is just the beginning.” John Kaehny, co-Chair of the NYC Transparency Working Group and Executive Director of Reinvent Albany, said in a statement. On Friday, he had said he was optimistic about New York City's Open Data progress beyond the Bloomberg administration in spite of the departure of Andrew Nicklin from DoITT to New York State.